Live Life by J.A.S











Making love could be one of the few pleasures in life that is genuinely good for you, say researchers.

Not only does a healthy sex life boost mood, but there is growing evidence to show it boosts your physical well-being, too  –  from increasing longevity to reducing the risk of erectile dysfunction and even heart attack.

Only last month, researchers at Nottingham University concluded that men who kept up a regular sex life in their 50s were also at lower risk of developing prostate cancer.

(Conversely, they found ‘too much’ sexual activity  –  more than 20 times a month  –  in the 20s and 30s could increase the risk.)

In fact, the research seems to suggest that men  –  particularly older men  –  benefit the most from healthy effects of sex. Feel-good hormones help explain some of the benefits, such as mood-boosting, but the explanation is not always obvious.

But one thing is clear, and this applies to both men and women: you need to be having sex regularly if you don’t want to lose the ability.

‘Use it or lose it’ was the advice given to older men by Finnish scientists recently.

They had followed 1,000 men aged between 55 and 75 for five years and found that those who had sex less than once a week at the start of the study were twice as likely to develop erectile dysfunction (see below) as those who had it at least once a week.

Those who had sex three or more times a week lowered their risk fourfold.

As women get older their oestrogen levels drop, says Dr Peter Bowen-Simpkins, consultant gynaecologist at the London Women’s Clinic and spokesperson for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

This hormone is key to a woman’s sexual enjoyment  –  lower levels can make sex uncomfortable, he explains.

But American research found that menopausal women who had sex every week had oestrogen levels twice as high as their abstaining counterparts. (Source)

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{January 2, 2009}   get some balance in your LIFE!

Eat well, get plenty of rest… and exercise:

  • Be active everyday in as many ways as you can-take the stairs, walk to the shop, play ball with the kids.
  • Organize to exercise with your mates-it’ll be more fun and excellent motivation.
  • Set realistic goals and record your progress-seeing yourself improve is another great motivator.
  • vary your exercise programme so you don’t get board.
  • Drink plenty of water when you exercise so you stay hydrated.
  • fuel up with milk-make sure your body has the nutrients it needs to stay healthy everyday.

from Meadow Fresh.



{December 24, 2008}   Are You Ready to Quit Smoking?

If you are one of those smokers that wanted to quit the habit of smoking, this interactive tool will help you know you’re readiness to quit from smoking. If your ready to take the this step, please click the link below.

Cigarette Content

Cigarette Content

Live Life Healthy by STOP SMOKING!



{December 3, 2008}   Can Work KILL?

This topic is for those who workaholic people, I got this from encyclopedia. I think this may help us realize how important to take care of ourselves, like giving time to relax our body. I experience too much stress when I was working, I worked 16hours a day twice a week and sometimes more than that because I wanted to earn more out of my regular salary but what happened is that I always get sick and I don’t have proper meals and sleep….

“Studies conducted in countries around the world demonstrate that people can actually work themselves to death. Factors such as workplace stress and long hours contribute to the risk of death from overwork. In this article from Scientific American Presents, Harvey B. Simon, a professor at Harvard Medical School, explores recent findings about the dangers of working too hard and suggests ways of developing healthier work habits.”

Can Work Kill?

By Harvey B. Simon

According to Sigmund Freud, a man’s mission in life is ‘to work and to love.’ In this modern world, an excess of—or, at least, unprotected—love can be hazardous indeed. But what of work? Can a man literally work himself to death?

The Japanese think so; in fact, karoshi, or ‘death from overwork,’ is a recognized diagnosis that qualifies survivors of its victims to receive employee compensation payments. A 1998 survey of 526 Japanese men, aged 30 to 69, supported the idea that long working hours can be hazardous to a man’s health. The subjects of the study included men who had been hospitalized with a heart attack as well as healthy men of similar ages and occupations. The results were striking: men from both groups who put in more than 11 hours of work on an average day were 2.4 times more likely to have a heart attack than were men who worked ‘just’ seven to nine hours a day.

What accounts for the increased risk of heart attack among Japanese men who work very long hours? Mental stress is a logical explanation, but in this study psychological factors, as measured by what the researchers called the ‘burnout index,‘ did not completely account for the trend. Nor did established risk factors. High blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, diabetes and obesity were linked to heart attack, but even after taking these variables into account, the number of hours worked itself was still closely related to the risk of heart attack.

The Japanese are notorious workaholics, but working conditions in Japan are actually designed to be predictable and to minimize stress among employees. In general, Western men do not enjoy such advantages, so one wonders just how working too hard affects their health. In 1997 an international team addressed the question by examining the results of over a dozen earlier studies on work and health, which looked at conditions ranging from heart attacks to exhaustion and mental stress. Analysis of the compiled data confirmed a correlation (in both men and women) between hours of work and ill health; the effect was small but consistent and significant.

Both of these studies focused on working hours but not on working conditions. Are such qualitative factors also important? A 1996 study from Sweden explored the possibility. The group of researchers observed more than 12,500 employed men over a 14-year period. The scientists evaluated the psychological and physical demands of each man’s job; they also collected information about the age, smoking history, exercise habits, educational level and social class of each individual. When the results were analyzed, two occupational factors emerged as risk factors for death from cardiovascular disease. Men who had low control over the demands of their jobs were 1.8 times more likely to die from heart disease than men with more control were; men who also experienced a low level of social support from co-workers were 2.6 times more vulnerable to cardiovascular death.

These heart-stopping results do not stand alone. An earlier study of 2,465 Danish bus drivers linked the intensity of traffic on the drivers’ routes to a two-fold increase in the risk of death and heart attack; lack of social support compounded the problem. Job strain was implicated as a predictor of mortality in a seven-year study of 500 Swedish men; high demands and low control combined to explain this effect as well. In a related survey, researchers who evaluated 99,029 Italian railway workers found that the combination of high job responsibility and low level of physical work was associated with an increased risk of heart attack.

More research will be needed to verify these observations. Even now, however, there is enough evidence to suggest that job stress may increase a man’s risk of dying from heart disease. The combination of high mental demands, low personal control and inadequate social supports is particularly worrisome.

If stress at work kills, how does it happen? Nobody knows for certain. But we do know that mental stress increases blood levels of adrenaline and cortisone, two so-called stress hormones. Psychological stress raises the blood pressure and heart rate; it can also induce abnormalities in the heart’s pumping rhythm, known as arrhythmias. Stress can also activate platelets in the blood, triggering clots that can block diseased coronary arteries. Furthermore, doctors have known for several years that anger in particular can trigger heart attacks and that mental stress tests can predict heart trouble more accurately than exercise stress tests.

Anger is an important component of stress on the job—and according to a recent study, men with the most anger and hostility have the highest risk of heart disease.

Since 1961 scientists at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health have been observing 2,280 men as part of the Normative Aging Study. In 1986, 1,305 men (with an average age of 61) completed the psychological test known as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), which includes a section designed to quantify anger. Each participant received a score that indicated his level of anger and hostility. The men returned for comprehensive medical examinations approximately every seven years, at which time they were checked for heart disease and cardiac risk factors such as smoking, hypertension and high cholesterol.

All the men were free of coronary artery disease when the study began, but during seven years of observation, 110 of them developed heart disease. The men with the highest anger scores were at the greatest risk for developing heart disease. And the risk was substantial: coronary artery disease was diagnosed three times more often in the angriest men than in the men with the least anger. The link between anger and heart disease was not explained by differences in blood pressure, smoking or other cardiac risk factors; hostility was heartbreaking in its own right.

As it turns out, hostility is not so good for the brain, either. In a report published this spring, Susan A. Everson and her colleagues at the University of Michigan School of Public Health reported that hostility increases a patient’s risk of stroke. The effect is significant. In a seven-year study of more than 2,000 men, the scientists found that men who showed high levels of anger on standard tests of anger expression were two times more likely to have strokes than were their calm peers. Other factors such as age, smoking, high blood pressure, excessive alcohol consumption, diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol levels did not account for the increased risk.

Men do not have to retire to protect their health. They should, however, certainly eat right, exercise often and avoid smoking to keep their hearts healthy. They should have regular medical care and be sure their blood pressure and cholesterol levels are okay. But they should also seek a work environment that provides a healthy degree of autonomy and control without sacrificing social supports. At its best, work should be challenging without being stressful; it should also be balanced by a healthy amount of play.

Source: Reprinted with permission. Copyright © Summer 1999 by Scientific American, Inc. All right reserved.


{November 12, 2008}   Influenza-FLU

Overview:

Influenza, also known as flu, contagious infection primarily of the respiratory tract. Influenza is sometimes referred to as grippe. Influenza is caused by a virus transmitted from one person to another in droplets coughed or sneezed into the air. It is characterized by coldlike symptoms plus chills, fever, headaches, muscle aches, and fatigue. Most people recover completely in about a week. But some people are vulnerable to complications such as bronchitis and pneumonia.

In addition to humans, influenza occurs in pigs, horses, and several other mammals as well as in certain wild and domesticated birds. At least some influenza viruses can jump from one species to another.

Cause:

Today scientists know that members of the family Orthomyxoviridae, a group of viruses that infect vertebrate animals, cause influenza. The virus consists of an inner core of the genetic material ribonucleic acid (RNA) surrounded by a protein coat and an outer lipid (fatty) envelope. From this envelope, spikes of proteins called hemagglutinin and neuraminidase stick out. Hemagglutinin enables the virus to bind to and invade cells, and neuraminidase allows the virus to move among cells. But these proteins also act as antigens—that is, they are recognized as foreign matter by the human or other host organism, and this recognition triggers an immune response in the host.

The word influenza is derived from the Latin word influentia. Italians in the early 16th century first applied the word influenza to outbreaks of any epidemic disease because they blamed such outbreaks on the influence of heavenly bodies. The first known use of the name specifically for the flu occurred in 1743 when an epidemic swept through Rome and its environs.

There are three types of influenza viruses, known as A, B, and C. Type A, the most dangerous, infects a wide variety of mammals and birds. It causes the most cases of the disease in humans and is the type most likely to become epidemic. Type B infects humans and birds, producing a milder disease that can also cause epidemics. Type C apparently infects only humans. It typically produces either a very mild illness indistinguishable from a common cold or no symptoms at all. Type C does not cause epidemics.

Once a person has been infected by a specific strain of influenza, he or she has built up immunity to that strain in the form of antibodies. The person’s immune system then can recognize the strain’s hemagglutinin or neuraminidase and attack them if they reappear. The antibodies offer some protection against antigenic drifts, but not against antigenic shifts. Thus, because the viruses continually change, they can cause repeated waves of infection, even among people previously infected.

Transmission:

Influenza viruses pass from person to person mainly in droplets expelled during sneezes and coughs. When a person breathes in virus-laden droplets, the hemagglutinin on the surface of the virus binds to enzymes in the mucous membranes that line the respiratory tract. The enzymes, known as proteases, cut the hemagglutinin in two, which enables the virus to gain entry into cells and begin to multiply. These proteases are common in the respiratory and digestive tracts but not elsewhere, which is why the flu causes primarily a respiratory illness with occasional gastrointestinal symptoms.

Symptoms and Diagnosis:

Influenza is an acute disease with a rapid onset and pronounced symptoms. After the influenza virus invades a person’s body, an incubation period of one to two days passes before symptoms appear. Classic symptoms include sore throat, dry cough, stuffed or runny nose, chills, fever with temperatures as high as 39º C (103º F), aching muscles and joints, headache, loss of appetite, occasional nausea and vomiting, and fatigue. For most people flu symptoms begin to subside after two to three days and disappear in seven to ten days. However, coughing and fatigue may persist for two or more weeks.

Treatment and Prevention:

There is no specific cure for influenza. Recommended treatment usually consists of bed rest and increased intake of nonalcoholic fluids until fever and other symptoms lessen in severity. Certain drugs have been found effective in lessening flu symptoms, but medical efforts against the disease focus chiefly on prevention by means of vaccines that create immunity.

INFLUENZA-FLU

INFLUENZA-FLU



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